Belarusian plasma reactor for waste recycling
September 18, 2013
Belarusian scientists in association with the Russian factory Binom have come up with a plasma reactor designed for waste recycling. The information was released by Vasily Savchin, Head of the Electric Arc Plasma Department of the A.V. Lykov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, on 18 September, BelTA has learned.
The reactor’s plasma chemistry technology allows processing solid materials, liquids and gases simultaneously. No other technology is as universal. The reactor is designed to process 12 tonnes of waste per day. Vasily Savchin pointed out that if waste is burned, then the ashes are even more toxic than the initial waste. Plasma does not burn waste but processes it. The organic part of the waste is converted into flammable synthesis gas while the inorganic part turns into unleachable vitrified slag. In turn, synthesis gas can be used for energy generation.
Vasily Savchin explained that in order to implement the project they need to invite third-party corporations, engineering and construction companies. “As a research organization we cannot provide the entire range of services to make products. At present we are making development prototypes and establishing cooperation with Belarusian companies. At present we cooperate with Zhilkomplekt to process soft roofing and extract useful products,” he added.
The A.V. Lykov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus has been designing various types of plasma technology devices for processing various kinds of waste for over 20 years already. Plasma technologies allow processing municipal waste, industrial waste, medical and biological waste, toxic waste, and radioactive waste. Thanks to plasma technologies energy resources can be produced by processing certain kinds of waste.