Belarus in Bloomberg Innovation Index
March 05, 2013
On 1 February 2013, Bloomberg published the list of 50 most innovative countries (Bloomberg Innovation Index). In the rating, countries were ranked on a scale of 0 to 100% on seven factors. The factors and their weightings are presented below:
R&D intensity (20%): Research and development as a percentage of gross domestic product;
Productivity (20%): GDP per employed person, per hour worked;
High-tech density (20%): High-tech public companies — such as aerospace and defense, biotechnology, hardware, software, semiconductors, Internet software & services and renewable energy companies — as a percentage of publicly listed companies;
Researcher concentration (20%): R&D researchers per one million people;
Manufacturing capability (10%): Manufacturing value-added as a percentage of GDP; products with high R&D intensity (aerospace, computers pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments and electrical machinery) as a percentage of total manufactured exports;
Tertiary efficiency (5%): Enrollment ratio in all subjects for post-secondary students; tertiary graduation ratio of students who majored in science, engineering, manufacturing and construction; annual new graduates and total tertiary-degree holders as percentages of labor force;
Patent activity (5%): Resident patent filings per million population and per $1 million R&D spent.
The mentioned above indicators are calculated on the basis of statistics. The data sources are the international organizations such as the World Bank, WIPO, OECD, UNESCO, The Conference Board, as well as data collected by the Bloomberg experts. In order to be included in the index, a country must have data for at least 5 of the 7 indicators for 5 years or more. The study involved 200 countries and sovereign regions. The index itself is represented as a scale with the highest value of 140 points, and the lowest — 100 points. The highest value is assigned to the 1st place, the lowest — 96th. The rest of the index is determined for a country based on the gap it has with the 1st and 96th places. The results of the first 50 countries are published.
This year, the first places in the rating are occupied by United States, South Korea, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Japan, Singapore, Austria, Denmark and France. Russia is on the 14th place, Czech Republic — 23, Poland — 30, Ukraine — 42. Our Baltic neighbors — Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania — have taken 31, 33 and 44 seats respectively.
As for the Republic of Belarus, it is ranked the 49th. On the one hand, one can consider the entry in the top 50 most innovative countries to be a success. On the other hand, comparing to the last year, Belarus has worsened its position in the Bloomberg ranking as much as 29 points, down from the 20th position to the 49th. This is explained by changes in the methodology of the ranking and, in particular, changing of weights. Last year, the weightings of the indicators were as follows: 1) R&D intensity — 20%, 2) Productivity — 10%, and 3) High-tech density — 10%, and 4) Researcher concentration — 20%, and 5) Manufacturing capability — 20%, 6) Tertiary efficiency — 10%, and 7) Patent activity — 10%. Thus, the weight of the most successful for Belarus indicators (Manufacturing capability, Tertiary efficiency, Patent activity) in 2012 was 40% of the index while this year it falls to 20%. Moreover, on such indicators as "High-tech density" and "Researcher concentration", a total of 40% of the rating, the data for Belarus are missing.
In general, Belarus has a fairly high innovative potential, e.g. in the manufacturing capability we took 2nd place in the overall ranking, in terms of tertiary efficiency – 5th, the patent activity – 5th. Thus, improving the position of the Republic of Belarus in the Bloomberg Innovative Index should be carried out in two directions. Firstly, we need to focus on improving our performance indicators for failure ratings (R&D intensity, productivity). Secondly, we need to strengthen cooperation with international organizations and provide them with the information needed to calculate such indicators as researcher concentration and concentration of high-tech research, for which today Belarus gets 0 points, thus losing 40% of its rating.
. 50 Most Innovative Countries // Bloomberg [Electronic Resource]. – Mode of access: http://www.bloomberg.com/slideshow/2013-02-01/50-most-innovative-countries.html#slide52. – Date of access: 20.02.2013.
Source: Information developed by the Department of external economic, innovation and science and technology cooperation and investments basing on Bloomberg data.