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Scientific technical policy

Belarus in World Intellectual Property Indicators 2012

March 06, 2013

 

Intellectual property (IP) statistics is one of the main indicators of innovation and technological development of a country/national economy. In this regard, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) presents annual comparative analysis of worldwide IP statistics entitled World Intellectual Property Indicators. The data sources include the WIPO Statistics Database and statistics within the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), Madrid System for International Trademark and Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs. Some international organizations such as World Bank, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, OECD are also in a position to be a source of information for WIPO. As a rule, WIPO includes last year data in report for current year due to the time needed for collecting statistical information on a national level.

There are four main indicators of national IP activities in WIPO report:

  1. The number of patent applications (data coverage is 98% of world’s total),
  2. The number of utility models applications (data coverage is 99% of world’s total),
  3. The number of trademark applications (data coverage is 95% of world’s total),
  4. The number of industrial design applications (data coverage is 99% of world’s total).

WIPO makes its calculations in both absolute (total number of patent applications, utility models, ect.) and relative figures (e.g. per 1 billion GDP, per 1 billion R&D expenditure). Moreover, WIPO uses the World Banks income classification of countries. The countries included in WIPO report are divided according GNI per capita into the following groups:

  1. Low-income countries (%1,025 or less),
  2. Lower middle-income countries ($1,026-$4,035),
  3. Upper middle-income countries ($4,036-$12,475),
  4. High-income counties ($12,476 or more).

The Republic of Belarus belongs to the group of upper middle-income countries.

There are two ratings of IP activities in WIPO report – Overview of total IP activities (resident activity + activity abroad) and Overview of resident IP activity (resident activity only). In turn, each of these ratings includes three sub-ratings: Patents, Trademarks and Industrial Designs.

 

 

Country

Rating

Sub-ratings

Total

Resident

Patents

Trademarks

Industrial Designs

Total

Resident

Total

Resident

Total

Resident

China

1

1

2

1

2

1

1

1

Germany

2

2

5

5

1

4

2

2

USA

3

3

3

3

3

2

6

9

France

4

6

6

7

4

3

4

8

Japan

5

4

1

2

10

8

8

6

Poland

15

18

25

18

12

19

11

15

Russia

20

12

10

6

14

7

31

16

Czech Republic

24

22

36

36

24

22

19

23

Ukraine

31

19

29

23

34

23

38

14

Latvia

49

57

58

56

60

64

41

47

Estonia

50

66

63

70

51

66

45

53

Belarus

51

36

31

26

74

n/a

59

45

Lithuania

56

61

75

66

58

57

48

52

Kazakhstan

69

--

35

--

97

--

78

--

Guatemala

97

76

124

92

71

56

84

59

Pakistan

99

--

77

--

110

--

n/a

--

Kirgizstan

100

79

71

62

118

83

n/a

n/a

The Republic of Belarus is ranked 51th by total IP activities and 36th by resident IP activity. Comparing to the last year, the country has worsened its position as much as 2 points  by total IP activities (49 → 51), however improved it as much as 5 points by resident IP activity (41 → 36).

Belarus holds a high position on the following indicators:

  • Belarus takes 12th place by the number of resident patent applications per 1 billion GDP (14.3 applications). The first places in the rating are occupied by Republic of Korea (100.7 applications), Japan (73.4), China (41.8). The USA takes 7th place (18.7 applications), the Russian Federation – 15th (12.8). Belarus has entered the world top 20 and left behind such developed countries as the  Netherlands, Luxembourg, Austria, France and Great Britain. It’s worth to mention that in the top-20, countries have been selected if their GDP exceeded 15 billion PPP dollars and if they had over 100 resident patent applications. Belarus took 6th and 8th places in 2008 and 2010 respectively by the mentioned indicator.
  • Also, Belarus takes 14th place by the number of resident and non-resident utility model applications (1,090). The first places in the rating are occupied by China (585,000 applications), Germany (16,000), the Russian Federation (13,200). Ukraine takes the 5th place (10,400 applications), Czech Republic – 12th (1,646). Belarus has left behind Poland, Austria, Hong Kong and France. Our country took 14th place in 2008 and 12th place in 2010 by this indicator.
  • 3) Finally, Belarus occupies 11th place by the number of utility model grants (952 grants). The first places in the rating are occupied by China (408,000 applications), Germany (14,000), the Russian Federation (11,000). Ukraine takes the 4th place (10,200 applications), Czech Republic – 10th (1,545).

For your information: IP profile of Belarus (according to the WIPO 2012, data for 2011):

  • Total number of patent applications – 1,871
  • Number of resident patent applications – 1,725
  • Number of non-resident patent application – 146
  • PCT international applications – 14
  • Number of patents in force – 4,842

Source:  Information developed by the Department of external economic, innovation and science and technology cooperation and investments basing on World Intellectual Property Indicators 2012; World Intellectual Property Indicators 2011; World Intellectual Property Indicators 2010; World Intellectual Property Indicators 2009.

 

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